Understanding Skin

Lesson Attachments

Understanding skin

Our skin is characterized by its skin type. The clients skin type is determined by several factors such as genetics, age, and environment. Skin types are often broken down into 4 main types which are normal, dry, oily and combination. Diagnosing your clients skin type is important when it comes to product choice as by using the correct products you will emphasize the client’s best features and natural beauty.

Normal Skin

Is the most desired skin type it is well balanced and moisture content and less likely to suffer from breakouts. 

·Free from skin blemishes

·Pores are fine, hardly visible

·Skin tone is even, clear, and smooth

·Radiant complexion

·Skin is neither too oily or too dry

·Good blood circulation

Dry Skin

Dry skin can be a result of genetics or environmental factors. A client with a dry skin may also lack in some of the natural moisturizing factors that help the skin retain water and may produces less sebum than other skin types. Sebum is the oil that builds a skin barrier that shields against environmental factors, such as temperature, dirt, and humidity.

Skin feels tight and brittle, lacks elasticity and is prone to redness

·Complexion looks dull, blotchy and pores a barely visible

·Scaling, flaking, and itchiness may occur

Oily Skin

Oily skin type is caused by overactive sebaceous glands, producing too much sebum. Individuals with an oily skin type are more prone to certain skin blemishes and skin issues, especially acne.

·Pores are enlarged and are visible

·Prone to various forms of acne, especially in the T- Zone (forehead, nose and chin)

·Skin appears shiny or greasy

·Oily skin looks more plump and less aged

Combination Skin

Combination skin is the most common skin type and is characterized by a mix of oily skin and dry skin in different areas of the face.

Usually, people with combination skin types will have oily skin in their T Zone. This means they have an over production of sebum around the forehead, nose, and chin. Dry skin typically affects the cheeks, mouth, and eyes due to a lack of sebum production in these regions.

·Especially prone to acne on the chin, nose, and forehead

·Mouth, eyes, and cheeks may have dry or normal skin

·Enlarged pores around chin, nose and forehead

·Oily T-zone area

 Common skin disorders

You are very likely to come into contact with someone who could have a skin disorder. It is important you can recognise them and if it is safe to carry on with the treatment. Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can also be temporary or permanent and vary in pain. Skin disorders include acne, cold sore, hives, rosacea, carbuncle, latex allergy, eczema, psoriasis, cellulitis, melanoma, dermatitis, vitiligo and impetigo.